Land Surface Temperature [Night] (1 month - Terra/MODIS)

Land Surface Temperature [Night] (1 month - Terra/MODIS) | NASA

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About this dataset

This map shows the temperature of Earth's lands during the nighttime. Temperature is a measure of how warm or cold an object is. During the day, the Sun's rays warm Earth's lands. At night, the lands typically cool off. Landscapes cool off at night because they release their warmth to air above while they are no longer receiving sunlight. Scientists can measure the temperature of Earth's lands from space using instruments carried on satellites. Scientists want to know the land's temperature for many important reasons. For example, in places where it is too hot or too cold food crops may die. Temperature also influences weather and climate patterns. So, mapping the temperature of Earth's lands helps scientists to better understand our world.

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May 2024

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What do the colors mean?

The colors on these maps represent temperature patterns of the top millimeter (or “skin”) of the land surface — including bare land, snow or ice cover, urban areas, and cropland or forest canopy — as observed by MODIS in clear-sky conditions for the time period indicated. Yellow shows the warmest temperatures (up to 45°C) and light blue shows the coldest temperatures (down to -25°C). Black means “no data.”

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1. Visit LP DAAC for daily/ 8 day/ monthly data:
MOD11C1 (daily)

MOD11C2 (8-day)

MOD11C3 (monthly)

2. Select Access Data and choose one of the tools available to download the data you need

Related Websites



MODIS Land Science Team

MODIS on Earthdata

Further Reading

Terra Data Confirm Warm Dry US Winter

Hottest Spot

Baked Alaska

Heat Broils the American Southwest

Alaska Hit with a Hot March

Heat and Fire Scorches Siberia

ATBD (Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document)

MODIS Land-Surface Temperature


Images by the NASA Earth Observations (NEO) team using data courtesy of the Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LPDAAC) and the MODIS Land Science Team.

Federal Geographic Data Committee Geospatial Metadata

View the FGDC Metatdata for Land Surface Temperature [Night] (1 month - Terra/MODIS)

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